Surety Bond Underwriting Process

Surety Bond Underwriting Process

When it comes to the construction industry, surety bonds play a vital role as they increase trust between two parties. When one secures a surety bond, it helps evaluate the risk of working with each other. In this article, you will be able to learn what surety bonds are, and what the surety bond underwriting process is as well.

What are Surety Bonds?

A surety bond is a type of contract that is where the first party is known as the principal who is the one required to furnish the bond, the second party known as the oblige who is the one that demands for the bond, and the third party known as the surety who is the one that provides the bond.
By providing a guarantee for performance, the principle will guarantee to the oblige that they will meet their contractual obligations as agreed. In case the principal defaults in his/her duties to meet certain obligations, the surety is there to cover for the losses to the intended amount of the bond.
In particular, surety bonds are used in construction business, but they apply to all business spheres which require guaranteeing of the contractor’s performance, which can cover contracts with the state, licensing, and court obligations. Some of the common kinds of surety bonds are performance bonds, payment bonds, and bid bonds all of which rise to achieve different goals to safeguard the oblige.

What is The Surety Bond Underwriting Process?

The underwriting process of surety bonds is very rigorous since it is a process of evaluation of different factors to enable the underwriter to attach a risk to the bond. Here’s an overview of the key stages.

Application Submission

This is initiated by preparing an elaborate application that must be tendered to the surety company. This commonly comprises the personal and business details, balance sheet and income statement, an overview of the project or the obligation, and details of the key people who are involved.

Financial Analysis

Regarding the relationship between a surety company and the principal, the surety company examines the finances of the principal carefully. This means assessing the credit status of the principal, balance sheet information and the tax returns, the projected cash flows of the venture. The financial risk, in turn, is measured with the credit rating to evaluate the principal’s solvency and its capacity to fulfill the obligations on bonds.

Credit Evaluation

The credit risk is crucial when it comes to the decision to underwrite. The surety companies check on the principal’s ability to pay, the past record of the principal’s employee or customer checks and balances, the credit worthiness of the principal, and the overall credit ratings of the principal. In some cases where legal action is initiated, credit worthiness shows the likelihood of a customer to make payment in compliance with the law.

What is The Surety Bond Underwriting Process?

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. What is a surety bond?
A surety bond involves an agreement in which three people are involved, one who needs the bond, one who issues it, and the one who requires the bond. The process is followed to ensure that all the requirements of all parties are being fulfilled accordingly.
Q2. Why is financial analysis important when working on getting a surety bond?
When you are getting a surety bond, it is important that you assess the credit history, old financial details and records, as well as the ability to meet required bond obligations. This will help reduce the overall risks for the surety process.
Q3. What is an indemnity agreement?
An indemnity agreement refers to a process in which it is ensured that the principal person, as well as other people at times, such as business owners make sure that they agree to pay back the surety company if any sort of problems arise or claims are made against the bond.


To conclude, surety bond underwriting process is a detailed evaluation and should be taken seriously if contractors want to meet their obligations. This process can help increase chances of obtaining and securing the necessary bonds for current and upcoming projects. If you are looking for more details and insights, Can Do Surety Bonds can be of great help.