Bond Insurance for Construction – Learning the Essentials of Bond Insurance

Bond Insurance for Construction – Learning the Essentials of Bond Insurance

What is a Construction Guarantee Bond?

A construction guarantee bond also known as a surety bond, is a tripartite contract between the contractor, who is the principal, the owner of the construction project (oblige), and the surety or the guarantor. It is a kind of security that ensures that the contract shall be implemented by the contractor to its absolute requirements.

Performance Bonds

These help to ensure that the contractor delivers the project as agreed to in the contractual documentation with regard to quality, time, and other essential parameters. If the contractor cannot perform the contracts required to complete a project, then the surety company honors the cost or locates another contractor to do the project.

Payment Bonds
These ensure that subcontractors, suppliers, and even labor forces are compensated for their services and parts used in the construction process. This helps to avoid having other interests placed on the property, as well as keeping financial transactions flowing seamlessly throughout the project period.

Bid Bonds
These are tendered during the bidding stage to guarantee the contractor undertakes the required contractual obligations and furnishes the relevant performance and payment bonds.

What is the Percentage of a Performance Bond?

Like any form of indemnity, the amount charged as the bond premium to ascertain the total cost of a performance bond is usually charged as a percentage of the total bond amount. This percentage usually ranges from 1% to 3% of the contract value, depending on various factors:

Contractor’s Credit Score
The difference in credit scores leads to a difference in perceived risk, contractors with better credit scores are perceived as having lower risk and therefore paid lower premium rates.

Financial Stability
The main financial facets of choice criteria include Houston’s certified contractors receiving better rates if they have a strong financial history as well as a proven performance record.

Project Complexity
It is possible that more comprehensive projects will require or may have higher risk factors which in turn will lead to higher premiums.

Bond Amount
Lower bond amounts may be associated with lower dollar figures, while higher bond amounts of money may attract higher dollar value due to underwriting costs.

What are the Risks of Bonds?

While bonds provide significant benefits and security, they also come with certain risks:

Default Risk
In the event the contractor is unable to undertake the project OR meet the terms of the contract then the surety firm must act. They have expressed their worry that this can often negatively impact the surety’s finances if the contractor cannot recoup the costs.

Claims Risk
Sustained bond losses lead to high expenses incurred by the surety company and, subsequently, make the contractor pay high tariffs. The insurance company could also pass the increased premium claims, and a high number of claims could harm the contractor and their bonding capabilities.

Credit Risk
Subcontractors with weak credit statistics or unsound financial status are likely to pay higher bonds or may not be bonded at all. It may also restrain their capacity to price or offer on projects.

Administrative Risk
Underwriting of managers and the actual process of obtaining bonds, as well as monitoring the progress of projects or even handling claims, is time-consuming and requires a lot of work. These can be exhaustive and provoke loss of time and, therefore, money for both the contractor and the surety company.

Market Risk
Such economic changes have implications for the construction of the economy and the market of bonds. In a downturn, the risk of contractors’ default swells hence resulting in high rates as well as improved underwriting.

What are the Risks of Bonds?

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. How to calculate bond risk?
If you want to calculate bond risk, then you will have to assess the contractor’s worthiness, project complexity, as well as financial stability. Once you do that, you will be able to make sure that the project is completed with ease.

Q2. What is a bond used for in insurance?
Bond is used in insurance to guarantee the performance and payment obligations of contractors providing financial protection and ensuring compliance with the terms mentioned in the contract.


Bond insurance for construction is an act in which you will have to make sure that all of the processes go by smoothly. In such a situation, you should seek professional guidance through Can Do Surety Bonds.